Heritage Language Variation and Change in Toronto
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Sociolinguistic Variables

[Scroll down for wish list of future variables and independent social variables (predictors) ]

The dependent variables that we analyze in this project include the following:

HLVC dependent variables
Variable Cantonese Faetar Italian Korean Polish Russian Ukrainian English comparison Homeland comparison
VOT
So 2010; Nagy 2011 (NWAV-AP)   Nagy & Kochetov 2013; Hrycyna et al. 2011 Kang & Nagy 2012 Nagy & Kochetov 2013; Hrycyna et al. 2011; Lapinskaya & Nagy 2012 Nagy & Kochetov 2013; Hrycyna et al. 2011 Walker, Nagy & Hoffman 2014 (CAN & ITA) Kang 2014
Ø-subject
Nagy 2014; Nagy et al. 2011 Nagy, Iannozzi & Heap 2018 Nagy 2014; Nagy et al. 2011   Lyskawa 2015 Nagy 2014; Hollett 2010;
Nagy et al. 2011
  Marr 2012;
Nagy et al. 2011
Nagy, Iannozzi & Heap 2018; Lyskawa 2015 -POL)
possessive markers
   
    Shkvorets 2015    
barred-i
        Lapinskaya & Nagy 2012      
/r/
    Amato & Ortins 2014   Amato & Ortins 2014; Lapinskaya & Nagy 2012 Amato & Ortins 2014    
classifiers
Chan & Nagy 2014; Nagy, Chung & Tong 2012; Nagy & Lo 2016              
'com'
      Cunha 2012        
verbal paradigm
    Parascandolo 2013
         
noun paradigm-Case
   
  Lyskawa 2015; Lyskawa, Mordvinova & Nagy 2016 Lyskawa, Mordvinova & Nagy 2016 Shkvorets 2016; Lyskawa, Mordvinova & Nagy 2016   Lyskawa 2015 (POL)
code-switching
      Chung 2010        
borrowing
  Nagy 2011           Nagy 2011 (FAE)
palatalization (sibilants)
So 2010              
final devoicing
        Lyskaway, Maddeaux, Melara & Nagy 2016     Lyskaway, Maddeaux, Melara & Nagy 2016 (POL) Lyskaway, Maddeaux, Melara & Nagy 2016 (POL)
vowel spaces
Tse 2016; Cui et al. 2014;
Tse & Nagy 2014
             

 

Wish list: Future HLVC dependent variables
(aside from filling the gaps in the table above)
(de-)gemination & cluster reduction
unstressed vowel reduction
high rising terminals (uptalk)
word-order changes
like-like fillers and VOQs

 

HLVC independent social variables
Variable
Cantonese Faetar Italian Korean Polish Russian Ukrainian English comparison
Number of generations in corpus
3
2
3
2
2
3
5
n/a
Comparable Homeland data
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Russian National Corpus
Y
n/a
Ethnic orientation
(and various subsets of the EOQ)
n/a
Age
Sex
Age of arrival
n/a

Citations for the papers and presentations cited are on the HLVC project's Outcomes page.

We seek interested collaborators who would like to contribute data, compare our analyses with homeland data, or otherwise contribute.

Students who want to get involved, check out the options here.

If you interested in using our data for further analysis, the first step is to contact one of the PIs. To request access to this project's data, please submit a completed HLVC Corpus Use Form to one of the PIs for consideration.