Enter NAMES in CAPITAL LETTERS, in Greek transliteration (e.g., BIQUS, DECIOS). Choose at least one database (below).

Il faut écrire tous les noms grecs (Name, Place, Kinname, etc.) en MAJUSCULES (par ex. BIQUS, DECIOS), et spécifier les banques de données (beta, ou/et gamma ou/et delta) sur lesquelles doit porter la recherche.

We suggest you run your search on each database separately. Simple searches of the over 10,000 records in beta, gamma, and delta will seldom take less than 30 seconds, and may take many minutes. Also for faster searches, fill in a few blanks in only ONE of the two sections.

If you receive no results, did you choose a database? Did you use capital letters in the Name, Place, Phyle, Kinname fields? More information about searching in the Notes (en français).

Num: Status: fem:
Name: not only if whole:
PA or Roman name: not
Place: not
Kin name: not
Activity: not
Date: not From: To:
Choose database(s) to be searched: beta gamma delta

Ref: not In verse:
Class: not
Ref comment: not


Notes on specifying searches

The term you type, or select from a menu, will retrieve any records containing your term anywhere in the appropriate field.

# = any digit, @ = any letter, . = any character
* = any number of the preceding character (#* = any number of digits)

{term} searches for the whole word "term", not "term" as a part of a word

All names must be entered in CAPITAL letters. Some transliterations: C=ksi, F=phi, H=eta, Q=theta, U=upsilon, W=omega, Y=psi.

Checking the "fem: " button after Status restricts the search to women.

Dates in the From: and To: fields should be entered as numbers, using "-" for BC dates (e.g., From: -200 To: 100).

Where two selections for a field are possible (plain and "not"), either or both may be filled in. Any text field may also use the | character between items to mean "or". For example:

Activity: _{horos}____ not _epi lusei|oikias___ 
will retrieve all Ids containing "horos" as a whole word (i.e., excluding "kanephoros" and "choros") which do not also contain the terms "epi lusei" or "oikias".

Activity: _@______ not _sep|unk
will retrieve all records where there is something in the Id field but not "sep" or "unk". Checking "fem:" in addition will restrict the search to women known for something other than appearing on a gravestone, or being associated with a child's activity.

Checking the "only if whole" button after Name restricts the search to names without lacunae (no . or -).

Notes on the format of the data

For a fuller explanations of the ATHENIANS conventions, see the introduction to any of the printed volumes. Also, some codes and abbreviations are expanded and/or repositioned in the printed volumes which have been left here "in computerese" to enable computer searching. Acquaintance with the published work will help with the interpretation of data found here. A few explicanda:

In Status, A = Athenian citizen, R = Roman, NA = non-Athenian (foreigner), F/N = freed or naturalized, S = slave, M = metic. "A.*R" means both Athenian and Roman citizen, etc.

Some of the commoner abbreviations in Id are:

ath ... athlete
boul ... bouleutes/councillor
cas ... casualty
cat ... in-cat: in catalogue
ded ... dedicant
prop ... proposer of decree
sep ... on gravestone (sepulchral)
unk ... unknown (used of parents whose names are known only from the activity of their child: includes patronymics)

Transliterations used in texts:

Most letters are transliterated into BETA code, but using lower case as well as upper. Terminal sigma is 's', chi is 'x', and ksi is 'c'. Accents: acute is " [double quote mark], grave is !, circumflex is =, the breathings are ` and ' [opening and closing single quote marks].

Some special characters are enclosed in backslashes:

\i\ ... iota subscript
\q\ ... koppa
\h\ ... archaic aspirate
\F\ ... digamma
\)\ ... homonymous patronymic symbol

Numerical symbols are enclosed in #s:
#O# ... quarter obol sign, #V# ... half-obol, I ... obol, K ... drachma, T ... talant, S ... stater.
P ... 5, D ... 10, H ... 100, X ... 1000, M ...10000.
Ligatures have an initial capital letter, followed by lower case, e.g.,
#Pd# ... 50.

Other symbols used:

+ ... dot under the preceding letter
$ ... dagger/obelus
_ before and later letter(s) ... underlined text
[[ and ]] ... erasure brackets
: ... Greek colon or tripunct
~ indicates that a portion of the text should be supplied from the text of the previous entry, unchanged.

List of title abbreviations in Ref to come.